India state: Telangana protests trigger power cuts

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India state: Telangana protests trigger power cuts

Supporters of united Andhra Pradesh set burning barricades during a protest against the formation of Telangana state, in Kurnool district some 200 kms from Hyderabad on October 5, 2013. There have been violent protests against the formation of the new state

Power cuts have crippled life in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh after protests against the formation of the new state of Telangana.

More than 30,000 power workers are on strike to protest against the decision.

Meanwhile, the former chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, Chandrababu Naidu, has begun a protest fast against the state’s division.

Telangana would comprise 10 districts of the southern state, including the city of Hyderabad.

In recent years, there have been protests for and against the creation of India’s 29th state.

Backers of the new state say the area has been neglected by the government.

Opponents are unhappy that Hyderabad, home to many major information technology and pharmaceutical companies, would become a shared state capital.

Power plants hit

Power generation in Andhra Pradesh has been reduced by 4000MW as several thermal and hydel power generating plants have stopped working.

Life in at least 13 districts has been badly hit with power cuts closing cash machines, petrol pumps and cable TV services.

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Telangana

Map
  • Population of 35 million
  • Comprises 10 districts of Andhra Pradesh, including city of Hyderabad
  • Landlocked, predominantly agricultural area
  • One of the most under-developed regions in India
  • 50-year campaign for separate status
  • More than 400 people died in 1969 crackdown

Nearly 50 train services have been cancelled or curtailed. Visakhapatnam airport and several major hospitals across the state have also been affected.

Unscheduled power cuts have started in the state capital and India’s sixth biggest city, Hyderabad.

The power supply to the neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu has also been affected.

Power sector workers say their strike will continue until the decision to divide Andhra Pradesh is withdrawn.

India’s cabinet approved the setting up of the new state at a meeting on Thursday evening.

Soon after the announcement, those against the decision staged rallies, held protests and called a 48-hour strike in parts of the state that shut down schools, colleges, public transport and businesses.

Four federal ministers from Andhra Pradesh also offered their resignations – but they were not accepted.

Meanwhile, violent protests have been reported from the town of Vijayanagaram, where a curfew was imposed on Saturday.

Telangana, with a population of 35 million, comprises 10 of Andhra Pradesh’s 23 districts. Hyderabad will be included in the new state, although for the first 10 years it will serve as the joint capital of the two states.

The final decision on a new state lies with the Indian parliament. The state assembly must also pass a resolution approving the creation of the new state.

Correspondents say the timing of the announcement is linked to general elections due early next year. Recent opinion polls have shown that the Congress party is struggling in the state, which has 42 parliamentary seats.

The move to create Telangana has sparked similar demands in the states of West Bengal and Assam.

Malala: The girl who was shot for going to school

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One year ago schoolgirl Malala Yousafzai was shot in the head by Taliban gunmen – her “crime”, to have spoken up for the right of girls to be educated. The world reacted in horror, but after weeks in intensive care Malala survived. Her full story can now be told.

She is the teenager who marked her 16th birthday with a live address from UN headquarters, is known around the world by her first name alone, and has been lauded by a former British prime minister as “an icon of courage and hope”.

She is also a Birmingham schoolgirl trying to settle into a new class, worrying about homework and reading lists, missing friends from her old school, and squabbling with her two younger brothers.

She is Malala Yousafzai, whose life was forever changed at age 15 by a Taliban bullet on 9 October 2012.

I have travelled to her home town in Pakistan, seen the school that moulded her, met the doctors who treated her and spent time with her and her family, for one reason – to answer the same question barked by the gunman who flagged down her school bus last October: “Who is Malala?”

The Swat Valley once took pride in being called “the Switzerland of Pakistan”. It’s a mountainous place, cool in summer and snowy in winter, within easy reach of the capital, Islamabad. And when Malala was born in 1997 it was still peaceful.

Just a few hours’ driving from Islamabad brings you to the foot of the Malakand pass, the gateway to the valley. The winding road up to the pass leaves the plains of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, formerly known as the North-West Frontier Province, far below.

I remember it well from childhood holidays in Pakistan. But my latest trip felt very different – the BBC crew made the journey with a military escort. Although the Pakistan army retook control of Swat from the Taliban in 2009 and it is arguably now safer for foreigners than some other areas, the military clearly didn’t want to take any chances.

Historically, the north-west has been one of Pakistan’s least developed regions. But Swat, interestingly, has long been a bright spot in terms of education.

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Find out more

Mishal Husain

Watch Mishal Husain’s Panorama special on Malala on Monday 7 October at 20:30 BST on BBC One

Until 1969, it was a semi-autonomous principality – its ruler known as the Wali. The first of these was Miangul Gulshahzada Sir Abdul Wadud, appointed by a local council in 1915 and known to Swatis as “Badshah Sahib” – the King. Although himself uneducated, he laid the foundation for a network of schools in the valley – the first boys’ primary school came in 1922, followed within a few years by the first girls’ school.

The trend was continued by his son, Wali Miangul Abdul Haq Jahanzeb, who came to power in 1949. Within a few months, he had presented the schoolgirls of Swat to the visiting prime minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, and his wife Raana. As his grandson Miangul Adnan Aurangzeb says: “It would have been unusual anywhere else in the [North-West] Frontier at that time, but in Swat girls were going to school.”

The new Wali’s focus soon turned to high schools and colleges, including Jahanzeb College, founded in 1952, where Malala’s father, Ziauddin Yousafzai, would study many years later. Soon, Swat became known across Pakistan for the number of professionals it was producing – especially doctors and teachers. As Adnan Aurangzeb says, “Swat was proud of its record on education… one way to identify a Swati outside of Swat was that he always had a pen in his chest pocket, and that meant he was literate.”

Against this backdrop, the fate that befell the schools of Swat in the first years of the 21st Century is particularly tragic.

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By the time Malala was born, her father had realised his dream of founding his own school, which began with just a few pupils and mushroomed into an establishment educating more than 1,000 girls and boys.

 

It is clear that her absence is keenly felt. Outside the door of her old classroom is a framed newspaper cutting about her. Inside, her best friend Moniba has written the name “Malala” on a chair placed in the front row.

This was Malala’s world – not one of wealth or privilege but an atmosphere dominated by learning. And she flourished. “She was precocious, confident, assertive,” says Adnan Aurangzeb. “A young person with the drive to achieve something in life.”

In that, she wasn’t alone. “Malala’s whole class is special,” headmistress Mariam Khalique tells me.

And from the moment I walk in, I understand what she means. Their focus and attention is absolute, their aspirations sky-high. The lesson under way is biology, and as it ends I have a few moments to ask the girls about their future plans – many want to be doctors. One girl’s answer stops me in my tracks: “I’d like to be Pakistan’s army chief one day.”

Malala's empty chair

Part of the reason for this drive to succeed is that only white-collar, professional jobs will allow these girls a life outside their homes. While poorly educated boys can hope to find low-skilled work, their female counterparts will find their earning power restricted to what they can do within the four walls of their home – sewing perhaps.

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Malala’s diary: 3 January 2009

I had a terrible dream yesterday with military helicopters and the Taleban. I have had such dreams since the launch of the military operation in Swat.

My mother made me breakfast and I went off to school. I was afraid going to school because the Taleban had issued an edict banning all girls from attending schools

Only 11 students attended the class out of 27. The number decreased because of Taleban’s edict. My three friends have shifted to Peshawar, Lahore and Rawalpindi with their families after this edict.

“For my brothers it was easy to think about the future,” Malala tells me when we meet in Birmingham. “They can be anything they want. But for me it was hard and for that reason I wanted to become educated and empower myself with knowledge.”

It was this future that was threatened when the first signs of Taliban influence emerged, borne on a tide of anti-Western sentiment that swept across Pakistan in the years after 9/11 and the US-led invasion of Afghanistan.

Like other parts of north-west Pakistan, Swat had always been a devout and conservative region, but what was happening by 2007 was very different – radio broadcasts threatening Sharia-style punishments for those who departed from local Muslim traditions, and most ominously, edicts against education.

The worst period came at the end of 2008, when the local Taliban leader, Mullah Fazlullah, issued a dire warning – all female education had to cease within a month, or schools would suffer consequences. Malala remembers the moment well: “‘How can they stop us going to school?’ I was thinking. ‘It’s impossible, how can they do it?'”

But Ziauddin Yousafzai and his friend Ahmad Shah, who ran another school nearby, had to recognise it as a real possibility. The Taliban had always followed through on their threats. The two men discussed the situation with local army commanders. “I asked them how much security would be provided to us,” Shah recalls. “They said, ‘We will provide security, don’t close your schools.'”

Girls attending class at a school in Mingora, Pakistan

It was easier said than done.

By this time, Malala was still only 11, but well aware of how things were changing.

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Malala’s diary: 18 January 2009

My father told us that the government would protect our schools. The prime minister has also raised this issue. I was quite happy initially, but now I know but this will not solve our problem.

“Here in Swat we hear everyday that so many soldiers were killed and so many were kidnapped at such and such place. But the police are nowhere to be seen.

“Our parents are also very scared. They told us they would not send us to school until or unless the Taleban themselves announce on the FM channel that girls can go to school. The army is also responsible for the disruption in our education.

“People don’t need to be aware of these things at the age of nine or 10 or 11 but we were seeing terrorism and extremism, so I had to be aware,” she says.

She knew that her way of life was under threat. When a journalist from BBC Urdu asked her father about young people who might be willing to give their perspective on life under the Taliban, he suggested Malala.

The result was the Diary of a Pakistani Schoolgirl, a blog for BBC Urdu, in which Malala chronicled her hope to keep going to school and her fears for the future of Swat.

She saw it as an opportunity.

“I wanted to speak up for my rights,” she says. “And also I didn’t want my future to be just sitting in a room and be imprisoned in my four walls and just cooking and giving birth to children. I didn’t want to see my life in that way.”

The blog was anonymous, but Malala was also unafraid to speak out in public about the right to education, as she did in February 2009 to the Pakistani television presenter Hamid Mir, who brought his show to Swat.

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Hamid Mir

I was surprised that there is a little girl in Swat who can speak with a lot of confidence, but I was concerned about her security”

Hamid Mir

“I was surprised that there is a little girl in Swat who can speak with a lot of confidence, who’s very brave, who’s very articulate,” Mir says. “But at the same time I was a bit concerned about her security, about the security of her family.”

At that time it was Ziauddin Yousafzai, Malala’s father, who was perceived to be at the greatest risk. Already known as a social and educational activist, he had sensed that the Taliban would move from the tribal areas of Pakistan into Swat, and had often warned people to be on their guard.

Malala herself was concerned for him. “I was worried about my father,” she says. “I used to think, ‘What will I do if a Talib comes to the house? We’ll hide my father in a cupboard and call the police.'”

No-one thought the Taliban would target a child. There were however notorious incidents where they had chosen to make an example of women. In early 2009, a dancer was accused of immorality and executed, her body put on public display in the centre of Mingora. Soon afterwards, there was outrage across Pakistan after a video emerged from Swat showing the Taliban flogging a 17-year-old girl for alleged “illicit relations” with a man.

Ziauddin Yousafzai must have known that Malala’s high profile in the valley put her at some risk, even though he could not have foreseen the outcome.

“Malala’s voice was the most powerful voice in Swat because the biggest victim of the Taliban was girls’ schools and girls’ education and few people talked about it,” he says. “When she used to speak about education, everybody gave it importance.”

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By the time Malala was shot in 2012, the worst days of Taliban power in Swat had receded. A high-profile military operation had cleared out most militants but others had stayed behind, keeping a low profile.

“Life was normal for normal people, but for those people who had raised their voice, it was now a risky time,” says Malala.

She was one of those people.

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Kainat Riaz

When I saw the blood on Malala, I fell unconscious”

Fellow pupil Kainat Riaz

On the afternoon of 9 October, she walked out of school as normal and boarded a small bus waiting outside the gates. These vehicles are seen everywhere in Mingora – a little like covered pickup trucks, open at the back, with three lines of benches running the length of the flatbed. Each could carry about 20 people and would be waiting to take the girls and their teachers home at the end of the school day.

In Malala’s case, it was only a short journey, past a small clearing where children played cricket, and along the canal bank to her house. Once she had walked, but then her mother, Tor Pekai, intervened. “My mother told me, ‘Now you are growing up and people know you, so you must not go on foot, you must go in a car or a bus so then you will be safe,'” Malala says.

That day, she was in the middle of her exams, and had a lot on her mind. But there was still the usual after-school chat and gossip to share with Moniba, who was sitting next to her. But as the bus progressed along its route Malala says she did notice something unusual – the road seemed deserted. “I asked Moniba, ‘Why is there no-one here? Can you see it’s not like it usually is?'”

Moments later, the bus was flagged down by two young men as it passed a clearing, only 100 yards from the school gates. Malala doesn’t recall seeing them but Moniba does. To her they looked like college students.

Then she heard one ask: “Who is Malala?” In the seconds between that question and the firing beginning, Moniba at first wondered if the men were more journalists in search of her well-known friend. But she quickly grasped that Malala had sensed danger. “She was very scared at that time,’ she remembers. The girls looked at Malala, thereby innocently identifying her.

The two girls sitting on Malala’s other side, Shazia Ramzan and Kainat Riaz, were also injured.

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“I heard the firing, then I saw lots of blood on Malala’s head,” says Kainat. “When I saw that blood on Malala, I fell unconscious.”

Moniba says the bus remained there for 10 minutes, before anyone came to the aid of the panic-stricken women and children.

When they reached hospital, it was assumed all four girls were wounded, because Moniba’s clothing was drenched in her friend’s blood.

News of the shooting spread quickly. Malala’s father was at the Press Club when a phone call came to tell him one of his school buses had been attacked. He feared at once that it was Malala who had been targeted. He found her on a stretcher in the hospital.

Injured MalalaMalala as she was stretchered to hospital

“When I looked towards her face I just bowed down, I kissed her on the forehead, her nose, and cheeks,” he says. “And then I said, ‘You’re my proud daughter. I am proud of you.'”

Malala had been shot in the head and it was clear to everyone, including the Pakistan army, that her life was in danger. A helicopter was scrambled to airlift her to the military hospital in Peshawar – a journey that would eventually take her not just away from Swat but away from Pakistan.

The Combined Military Hospital in Peshawar is the best medical facility in the region, treating not just military personnel but their families too. As he flew in with Malala, Ziauddin Yousafzai was braced for the worst, telling relatives at his family home in rural Swat to make preparations for a funeral. “It really was the most difficult time in my life,” he says.

From the helipad, Malala was brought in by ambulance and placed in the care of neurosurgeon Col Junaid Khan.

“She was initially conscious, but restless and agitated, moving all her limbs,” he says. The entry wound of the bullet was above her left brow. From there it had travelled down through her neck and lodged in her back.

Map showing the site of the shooting and hospitals in Mingora and Peshawar

Malala was treated as a severe head injury case and placed under observation. After four hours, she deteriorated visibly, slipping towards unconsciousness. A scan revealed a life-threatening situation – her brain was swelling dangerously and she would need immediate surgery.

“The part of the brain involved was concerned not only with speech but also giving power to the right arm and leg,” Khan says. “So contemplating surgery in this very sensitive area can have risks. The person can be paralysed afterwards.”

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100 Women logo

Malala’s story is just the beginning in the BBC’s 100 Women season.

More than a century after women began winning the right to vote, we want to find out what life is like for women today – and what might happen next.

We’re planning a unique global event on Friday 25 October. Join in the conversation and tell us what you think on Twitter using #100Women.

Nevertheless, he told Malala’s father that surgery was vital to save her life – a portion of her skull had to be removed to relieve pressure on the brain.

The procedure began with shaving part of Malala’s hair, and then cutting away the bone, before placing the portion of removed skull inside her abdomen in case it could be later replaced. Blood clots and damaged tissue were extracted from inside the brain.

Before that day, Khan says, he had never heard the name Malala Yousafzai, but he was soon left in no doubt that he was treating a high-profile patient. Camera crews besieged the hospital compound as a tide of shock and revulsion spread through Pakistan.

TV presenter Hamid Mir looks back on the attack and the country’s realisation that the Taliban were capable of shooting a young girl as a defining moment. “It gave me a lot of courage and strength [a sense] that enough is enough, now is the time to speak against the enemies of education,” he says. “If they can target a little girl like Malala, they can target anyone.”

From Adnan Aurangzeb, so closely connected to Swat and its people, there was anger – not just at the Taliban but at the government of Pakistan, which he held accountable for failing to protect Malala.

“She should have been under the protection of Pakistan,” he says. “Not left to go unescorted like any normal student in an area infested with militants and Taliban.”

Inside the intensive care unit in Peshawar, Malala appeared to respond well to the surgery. Her progress was by now being followed not just in Pakistan but around the world. In Islamabad, the army chief General Ashfaq Kayani was taking a keen interest, but wanted a definitive and independent opinion on Malala’s chances.

Candlelit vigil for the recovery of Malala held in November 2012A vigil for Malala in Karachi as she recovered in hospital

As it happened, his officers were looking after a team of British doctors at the time – a group from Birmingham who had come to Pakistan to advise the army on setting up a liver transplant programme. The multi-disciplinary team was led by emergency care consultant Javid Kayani, a British Pakistani who maintains close links with the land of his birth.

When the request for help came through, Kayani knew which one of the team he wanted to take with him to Peshawar on the helicopter that was standing by. Given Malala’s age, paediatric intensive care specialist Fiona Reynolds was the obvious choice. Although she had her doubts about security in Peshawar, she had heard enough about Malala from news reports to feel the risk was worth taking. “She’d been shot because she wanted an education, and I was in Pakistan because I’m a woman with an education, so I couldn’t say ‘no,'” she says.

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The quality of the intensive care was potentially compromising her final outcome”

Fiona Reynolds

What the doctors discovered in Peshawar, though, was not encouraging. Although Malala had had what Reynolds calls “the right surgery at the right time”, she was being let down by the post-operative care. A similar patient in the UK would have been having her blood pressure checked continuously via an arterial line – according to Malala’s charts, hers had last been checked two hours earlier.

Reynolds’ instinct told her that Malala could be saved, but everything depended on how she would be cared for.

“The quality of the intensive care was potentially compromising her final outcome, both in terms of survival and in terms of her ability to recover as much brain function as possible,” she says.

That clinical opinion would be vital to Malala’s future. An army intensive care specialist was sent to bolster the team in Peshawar, but when Malala deteriorated further, she was airlifted again, this time to a bigger military hospital in Islamabad.

In the first hours after her arrival there, Fiona Reynolds remained very worried. Malala’s kidneys appeared to have shut down, her heart and circulation were failing, and she needed drugs to support her unstable blood pressure. “I thought she was probably going to survive, but I wasn’t sure of her neurological outcome, because she’d been so sick. Any brain damage would have been made worse.”

As Malala gradually stabilised, over the next couple of days, Reynolds was asked for her opinion again – this time on her rehabilitation. She asked what facilities were available, knowing that acute medicine is often far ahead of rehab. That was indeed the case in Pakistan. “I said that if the Pakistan military and the Pakistan government were serious about optimising her outcome… I said that everything that she would need would be available in Birmingham.”

Graphics from Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham Graphics from the hospital showing the bullet’s path, titanium plate and implant

On 15 October 2012, Malala arrived at the Queen Elizabeth hospital in Birmingham, where she would remain for the next three months. She had been kept in a medically induced coma, but a day later the doctors decided to bring her out of it. Her last memory was of being on a school bus in Swat – now she was waking up surrounded by strangers, in a foreign country.

“I opened my eyes and the first thing I saw was that I was in a hospital and I could see nurses and doctors,” she says. “I thanked God – ‘O Allah, I thank you because you have given me a new life and I am alive.'”

Malala’s parents and brothers were still in Pakistan but Javid Kayani was standing at her bedside.

“When she woke up she had this very frightened look and her eyes were darting back and forth,” he says.

“We knew she couldn’t speak because she had a tube down her throat to assist her breathing. But I knew that she could hear so I told her who I was and I told her where she was, and she indicated by her eye movements that she understood.”

Malala then gestured that she wanted to write, so a pad of paper and a pencil were brought. She attempted to write, but she had poor control of the pencil – unsurprising for someone with a head injury. Instead, an alphabet board was found and Javid Kayani watched her point to the letters one by one.

“The first word that she tapped out was ‘country’. So I assumed she wanted to know where she was and I told her she was in England. And then the next word was ‘father’ and I told her that he was in Pakistan and he’d be coming in the next few days. That was the limit of the conversation.”

More “conversations” would take place with one of the few visitors allowed in – Fiona Reynolds, who brought Malala a pink notebook in which to write down her questions.

The notebook given to Malala by Fiona Reynolds

Malala showed it to me, It is a poignant reminder of her search for answers in that period, especially the page where she simply asks, “Who did this to me?”

For Reynolds, the fact that Malala was able to articulate her questions was a huge relief.

“I was hoping that her cognitive abilities would still be there. I was also hoping that she hadn’t lost the power of speech. So the fact that she was mouthing words and writing – I thought she’s not lost the ability to speak.

“And remember she was talking in her third language [Pashto is Malala’s mother tongue, Urdu her second language], so her speech centre was pretty intact.”

Malala would go on to make an outstanding recovery, a tribute not just to the quality of the care she received – but also, her doctors told me, to her own resilience and determination.

Once she was out of intensive care, doctors began to consider what could be done about the paralysis of the left side of her face, which had caused great distress to her parents when they were reunited with her in Birmingham. Malala’s father felt she had lost her smile.

“When she used to try to smile I would look at my wife and a shadow would fall on her face, because she thought, ‘This is not the same Malala I gave birth to, this is not the girl who made our lives colourful.'”

Malala and her father Ziauddin YousafzaiMalala with her father Ziauddin Yousafzai in Birmingham

Malala’s ear specialist Richard Irving thinks that in those early weeks, she was troubled by her new appearance.

“She was very reluctant initially to speak, she preferred to be photographed from the good side,” he says. “I think it probably did have an emotional impact on her, which she didn’t really voice to anyone, but it’s very easy to understand in a 15-year-old.”

After tests and scans, Irving’s view was that the facial nerve was unlikely to repair itself, but without surgery, he couldn’t be sure exactly what state it was in. The procedure would be a lengthy one, and this time Malala was herself able to weigh up the risks.

A titanium plate used to repair Malala's skullA titanium plate used to repair Malala’s skull

“She was in control,” Irving says. “She would take advice from her father but she was making the decisions. She took a great interest in her medical care and didn’t leave it to someone else.”

During a 10-hour operation last November, he discovered that Malala’s facial nerve had been entirely severed by the bullet and that a 2cm section of it was missing. For any movement to return to her face, the two ends of the nerve would have to be re-attached, but the missing section made it impossible to do this along the original route. Instead, Irving decided to expose the nerve and re-route it so it travelled a shorter distance.

In February this year, a further operation replaced the skull section removed by the surgeons in Pakistan, with a titanium plate. A cochlear implant was also inserted into Malala’s left ear to correct damage to her hearing caused by the bullet. No further surgery is said to be required – her face should continue to improve over time, with the help of physiotherapy.

On 12 July, nine months after the shooting, came a major milestone – Malala stood up at the UN headquarters in New York and addressed a specially convened youth assembly. It was her 16th birthday and her speech was broadcast around the world.

Malala giving a speech to the UN on her 16th birthday

“One child, one teacher, one book, one pen can change the world,” she said.

How did it feel to speak in public once again – this time on a bigger stage than she could ever have imagined?

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Malala’s speech to the UN

  • Speech delivered to 500 young people aged 12-25 from around the world
  • Malala called on politicians to take urgent action to ensure every child can go to school
  • UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon also addressed the session, calling Malala “our hero”
  • The event, described by the UN as Malala Day, was organised by former UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown, now the UN Special Envoy for Global Education

“When I looked at 400 youth and people from more than 100 countries… I said that I am not only talking to the people of America and the other countries, I am talking to every person in the world,” she says.

Ziauddin Yousafzai remembers it as the biggest day of his life. For him, Malala’s speech was an assault on negative perceptions of Pashtuns, of Pakistanis and of Muslims.

“She was holding the lamp of hope and telling the world – we are not terrorists, we are peaceful, we love education.”

Malala was introduced to the audience in New York that day by former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, the UN’s special envoy on global education.

He has no doubt about her power to focus attention on the bigger picture of nearly 60 million out-of-school children around the world. “Because of Malala,” he says, “there is a public understanding that something is wrong and has got to be done.”

There is even speculation she could be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

The girl from Swat has gone global, but she still believes she can and will return home to Pakistan. Few would advise her to do that anytime soon. There are still fears for her security and also criticism that she attracts too much attention, especially in the West.

But she seems sanguine about any criticism. “It’s their right to express their feelings, and it’s my right to say what I want,” she says. “I want to do something for education, that’s my only desire.”

The danger for Malala is that the more time she spends away from Pakistan, the less she will be seen at home as a true Pakistani, and the more she will be identified with the West. But she has little time for distinctions between East and West.

“Education is education,” she says. “If I am learning to be a doctor would there be an eastern stethoscope or a western stethoscope, would there be an eastern thermometer or a western thermometer?”

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  • 1997:

     Born in Swat Valley, Pakistan

  • 2009:

     Wrote anonymous BBC blog about life under the Taliban

  • 2009-10:

     Identity revealed in TV interviews and a documentary

  • 2011:

     International Children’s Peace Prize nominee

  • 2012:

     Shot in assassination attempt by Taliban

  • 2013:

     Nobel Peace Prize nominee, named one of Time magazine’s most influential people

Still only 16, she has to balance being the world’s most high-profile educational campaigner, in demand around the world, with the completion of her own schooling.

“I am still the old Malala. I still try to live normally but yes, my life has changed a lot,” she tells me.

There are moments when she misses her old anonymity, but says it’s “human nature” to want what you don’t have.

She is an extraordinary young woman, wise beyond her years, sensible, sensitive and focused. She has experienced the worst of humanity, and the best of humanity – both from the medics who cared for her and the messages from many thousands of well-wishers.

I find one of those well-wishers in her own street in Swat, just outside the home that she never made it back to, on the afternoon she was shot. He is a young man called Farhanullah and he says the Taliban have blighted his life, destroying Swat’s economic, social and educational fabric. Malala was “Pakistan’s daughter”, he says. “We should be proud that she has made such a big sacrifice for Pakistan.”

I ask if he would like to send a message to Malala. Yes, he says. “She should continue her struggle. We are all with her.”

The voice of the girl whom the Taliban tried to silence a year ago has been amplified beyond what anyone could have thought possible.

When I ask her what she thinks the militants achieved that day, she smiles.

“I think they may be regretting that they shot Malala,” she says. “Now she is heard in every corner of the world.”

Airbus and Japan Airlines agree landmark $9.5bn deal

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Aircraft manufacturing giant Airbus has announced its first deal with Japanese carrier Japan Airlines (JAL).

It has won an order from JAL for 31 of its A350 planes, in a deal worth nearly $9.5bn (£5.9bn) at list prices.

The A350 is designed to be more fuel-efficient and is a direct competitor to US rival Boeing’s 787 Dreamliner, which has been hit by safety and technical issues in recent months.

The deal is a blow for Boeing, which has dominated Japan’s aviation market.

“This is Airbus’ largest order for the A350 so far this year and is the largest ever order we have received from a Japanese airline,” said Fabrice Bregier, chief executive of Airbus.

“I must say that achieving this breakthrough order and entering a traditional competitor market was one of my personal goals.”

According to the deal, JAL also has an option to purchase an additional 25 planes.

 

Key to growth

In recent years, the aviation industry has been hurt by a slowdown in demand and high volatility in global fuel prices.

That has seen many leading carriers turn to more fuel-efficient aircraft in an attempt to cut down costs and maintain profitability.

Both Airbus and Boeing have seen a surge in demand for such planes.

Airbus, which says the A350 will use about 25% less fuel than previous generation wide-bodied aircraft, has had 725 orders for the plane prior to securing the JAL deal.

The company hopes to start delivering the first A350s to customers by the end of 2014.

Yoshiharu Ueki, president of Japan Airlines, said the new planes would offer “high level of operational efficiency and product competitiveness” and help the airline to cater to “new business opportunities after slots at airports in Tokyo are increased”.

Meanwhile, Boeing’s 787 Dreamliner continues to remain popular despite this year’s temporary worldwide grounding of the aircraft while safety regulators investigated the cause of fires. The firm has received orders for more than 950 Dreamliner jets so far.

Japanese carriers, JAL and All Nippon Airways (ANA), are two of the biggest operators of the Dreamliner jets.

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UK services growth reaches 16-year high

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The Markit/CIPS PMI services index said the rise was due to growth in financial services, bolstered by the housing market, and the business sector.

The survey raises hopes that the economy as a whole saw strong growth in the July-to-September period.

The PMI survey showed services continued to grow strongly last month.

The activity index for the sector recorded 60.3 in September, which was marginally down from August’s near seven-year high of 60.5. Any score above 50 indicates growth.

The strong reading for the UK services sector follows similarly strong surveys of the manufacturing and construction sectors published earlier this week.

David Noble, chief executive officer at the Chartered Institute of Purchasing & Supply, said: “After nearly six lost years of economic output, the UK economy looks to have really found its feet.”

He said the survey reflected the stability in the global economy, which the services sector was taking “full advantage of”.

“The industry sustained August’s impressive business growth, dipping only fractionally from a near seven-year high, and new orders have now been growing for nine months consecutively,” Mr Noble added.

Chris Williamson, chief economist at Markit, said there were “encouraging signs” that growth would continue in the coming months.

“September saw one of the largest inflows of new business ever seen by the services survey,” he said.

East Asia growth forecast cut by the World Bank

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The international lender said that a slowdown in China’s growth and the prospect of the end of US stimulus measures would affect growth in the region’s economies.

China’s economy is expected to grow by 7.5%, lower than the 8.3% prediction made in April this year.

Lower commodity prices have also weakened prospects, the bank said.

Last week, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) cut its outlook for the region, also citing slower growth in China as a reason.

Time to prepare

The ABD and the World Bank both said the much anticipated future scaling down of the $85bn-a-month stimulus programme in the US was a cause for concern.

The World Bank’s chief economist for East Asia and the Pacific, Bert Hofman, said: “It will mean an increase of global interest rates for which countries would need to prepare. And they need to prepare for potential financial market volatility in the process.”

However, he said that the delay in the Federal Reserve’s decision to begin the unwinding, or tapering, of its stimulus programme had brought one benefit.

“In a way, the talk of tapering in July and August was sort of a very nice general rehearsal for the actual thing”.

Headwinds and tailwinds

However, Mr Hofman noted that, while there were causes for concern, the region was still growing.

“We are seeing a slowdown in domestic demand, which is a headwind, but at the same time Asia is seeing a tailwind from the revival of the rest of the global economy,” he said.

The World Bank said the slowdown in Chinese growth was a result of the country shifting its export-dominated economy to one where domestic demand plays a greater role.

Countries such as Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia will see slower expansion because of lower global commodity prices, slower exports and reductions in investment.

Excluding China, the World Bank predicts that the economy of the East Asian region will grow by 5.2% in 2013 and 5.3% in 2014, slower than the 6.2% growth for 2012.

Real Eco-Politics Of India

Coins and plant, isolated on white background

It’s been so long that I have seen this kind of changes in this country. I and friends were watching on TV the tremendous lecture of Kisan Baburao Hazare (Anna Hazare). My friend laughed and said “again a rubbish thinking of people, nothing is going to be change in this country, its born corrupted “Everyone was laughing there.
Everyone was talking about Jan Lokpal Bill & Anti Corruption in India, Changing India bla bla bla. I thought what exactly they want, want to become leader or earn money or fame- publicity or what? No I was wrong; yes they were trying to change the current policy of UPA’s Government but who knew that these people will change the nation’s environment in few days, but they did, a bunch of people came out with battledore and stated their need in front of Government, eventually they got lot of media attention & support as well. I was shocked that how actually they got lot of support; millions of people supported them from different states in India for anti corruption, money laundering etc.
“India is infamous for its corrupt politician. Due to the disintegration or weakening of national parties, they have no other choice other than to support these corrupt among them. Most of the allies in the Government forming political parties have less than 50 seats and among them 90 percent is corrupt. But as the national parties do not have clear majority they have to get the support of small regional parties which have only a few elected members. So most often they have to be blind when the allies make any wrong move. When I was young, the time when I did not have the voting, always wondered why people are voting for the corrupt. I thought the uneducated and illiterate are the majority and they are unaware of these facts and vote the corrupt politicians to the legislation. But when I grew up I realized the fact that in the fast growing economy of India most of the people are either educated or literate, and moreover the media has grown so fast that everyone is aware of all these dirty corruption.
Then I wondered why these people are elected. Then most of the corporate media came with the fact that, the educated and people who got job, especially who works in corporate sector never vote. They say the reason as what is the use of voting all are corrupt. The uneducated who vote shown the same trend of voting the corrupt as they are unaware of the facts.
As Gandhi said during freedom fight, “You should be the change you wish to see in this world”. But we want the change but will not work, current situation is like that. We blame other for voting, forgetting the fact we did not vote, so that the corrupt will not come to power. Not everyone is corrupt, there are a few who still holds some moral and political values. At least one will be there who is better than the corrupt candidate.
Another fact is, now the country India got the status of secular only in the constitution. Most of the political parties are playing the card of ‘vote in the name of religion and caste’. This has to be changed first. If one religion is appeased by a party, the rival party will be support another religion. Some feel they had been left out in all these canvassing and appeasement. This group will finally form some radical group and so on the story continues. The only way to change all these things, cast your vote next time. Blame, but work to stop this along with blaming. Vote for a change. Always think, ‘I am the change I wish to see in this world’, rather than to say or think, ‘he should be the change I wish to see in this world”. Athul Nair (A Software Engineer & true Indian Thought).
Yes it’s true I mean how long this thing will be continue in our nation, why a responsible politician playing with their responsibilities, it’s totally unmeasured circumstance where everyone is like Mannequin. Oh! India my heart; what is going on with your people? Seriously these are the unpredictable politicians. Now think what an individual can do?
Powerful politician VS an individual protester; hahhahaha. I can give you lot of example like Right Act Protester lost their life protesting against political parties.
Yes it’s happening in this country if any protester is protesting against any political party than he will lose his life or may be family as well, then why votes; yes I am not going to vote for any politician who is not well educated or have no idea about Indian constitution or he is not responsible. We should make a strict law for politician that he can’t take any action if any it’s against constitution or law & order.
I can say if you are politician then you should serve the public, not yourself. Government is to be organized and helpful. It is up to you to decide which ways you see fit to serve, as long as you are constitutional. This is not about you, you have to learn from past happening and I heard that “In order to secure or safeguard these vital rights, government are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from consent of the governed” as declared by Thomas Jefferson, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), who was elected as the third President of the United States of America (1801-1809). Constitutions are also made for the purpose of securing, protecting, promoting good governance, accountability and welfare of all citizens-the governed. The governments instituted among men are the elected representatives who are also known as the politicians. These politicians are required to implement social reforms and policy measures that contribute to the general welfare of the populace. Yes it’s true if you are politician then you have to use your talents, skills, experiences, honesty, integrity, challenges and constraints with the positive effect that we can have in touching other human lives. As I heard that “there is no problem in this world without solutions “, an educated & responsible politician knows that simply giving consistent effort in the little task of services, social reforms, kindness or sacrifice in day-to-day life leads to true greatness of a nation.
Does this thing apply on Indian politician? I mean where are those people who made India as freedom country, who made India a vast & respectable heritage place in the world, everyone can walk talk comment or take actions extravagantly, I am asking you people; where have gone their principle and efforts to make Indian as free country in this world. Oh! Eventually India is a free country but poverty ratio is still above average include rural area, poverty in India is widespread, its third largest country in the world have poverty according to world bank its 32.7% people fall below the poverty line in 2013. India is free country but still according to times of Indian as I heard “The current workforce at the all-India level is 47.2 crore. More than half the population (52%) is self-employed, while 18% work as regular wage/salaried employees and 30% as casual laborers. More people are self-employed (56%) and work as casual laborers (35%) in rural India. In Urban India, it is the waged/salaried (43%) who constitute a majority. They are followed by the self-employed (42%) and casual laborers (15%).
Nearly half the population (49%) is engaged in agriculture, while 24% are working in secondary sector and 27% in tertiary sector. In India, women are more self-employed than men. The share of self-employment in total workforce is 55 % for rural men, 59 % for rural women, while it is 42 % for urban men and 43 % for urban women. Men work more as casual laborers, and when it comes to agriculture, it is again the women who dominate. In the rural areas, 59% men work in agriculture, but the figures are 75% for women. The involvement of women in the agriculture sector is more even in the urban areas. It is 11% as against the 6% for men. When it come’s wages; obviously, the urbanites are paid more than their rural counterparts. Men are paid more than women. At the national level, average wages earned by regular wage/salaried employees is Rs 396 per day (Rs 299 in rural areas and Rs 450 in urban areas).
In the rural areas, wages earned per day by a regular wage/salaried employee is Rs 322 (men) and Rs 202 (women). In the urban areas, this is Rs 470 for men and Rs 366 for women”, yes now what then if these things are still remain in this country , the major problem according to wiki article The lack of homogeneity in the Indian population causes division between different sections of the people based on religion, region, language, caste and race. This has led to the rise of political parties with agendas catering to one or a mix of these groups. Economic issues like poverty, unemployment, development are main issues that influence politics. Garibi hatao (eradicate poverty) has been a slogan of the Indian National Congress for a long time. The well known bhartiya janta party encourages a free market economy. The Communist Party of India (Marxist) vehemently supports left-wing politics like land-for-all, right to work and strongly opposes neo-liberal policies such as globalization, capitalism and privatization. Where exactly we stand we have well known & educated, doctors, engineers, scientist, entrepreneur, politician , but where are they , Yes I can tell you; you can find them in United states or other country cause lack of opportunity in India . Now what we need to do? We have to create an opportunity for them; we have to full fill their needs, cause of them everyone will get benefit, I fully understand that central economy problems but we have to understand the need & wants of people an individual people. We know that everyone is connected to each other than lets create a huge community (India), so that we can help everyone who lives around us. We have to be one. We have to believe in human and their needs & wants.

Bank of England must limit house price booms, says Rics

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The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (Rics) said that a 5% annual rise should trigger caps on how much people could borrow relative to their incomes or the value of the property.

It is not suggesting that sellers should face a limit on how much they could charge for their homes.

The Bank said it was being vigilant.

Activity in the UK housing market has picked up in recent months after a few years of inactivity during the financial crisis.

There has been considerable debate during the week about the future of the UK housing market and the potential for government schemes to create an artificial price bubble.

Some forecasters are suggesting increases in house prices could break through the 5% barrier this year, owing to increasing demand from first-time buyers at a time when the number of homes for sale remains low.

‘Firmly anchored expectations’
Joshua Miller, senior economist at Rics, said that it was important to stop any debt-fuelled house price advance.

“The Bank of England now has the ability to take the froth out of future housing market booms, without having to resort to interest rate increases. Capping price growth at, say, 5% is one way of doing this,” he said.

“This cap would send a clear and simple statement to the public and the banking sector, managing expectations as to how much future house prices are going to rise. We believe firmly anchored house price expectations would limit excessive risk taking and, as a result, limit an unsustainable rise in debt.”

The Bank’s governor, Mark Carney, told MPs on Thursday that the Bank was vigilant on house prices but that parts of the country had not seen any recovery in the housing market.

In previous speeches, he has said that he has a toolkit in place to keep a lid on any potentially damaging boom.

This includes asking, but not telling, banks to limit how much they can lend to individuals and making them set aside more capital if they want to carry on providing mortgages.

‘Build more homes’
Simon Rubinsohn, chief economist at Rics, told the BBC that the cap was more of a “speed bump” for the housing market “so people wanting to enter the market are aware of some of the risks”.

He said that the 5% level could be debated and there needed to be a regional dimension to reflect housing market activity in different parts of the UK.

Rics members, including estate agents, wanted a stable market, rather than a volatile one, he said, adding that he did not believe there was a house price bubble at present.

In its report, Rics pointed to the example of Canada – the former home of Mr Carney – where the central bank took action to limit mortgage availability.

However, Sir Howard Davies, former deputy governor of the Bank, said that a cap would not work.

“The problem is that we are not building enough homes,” he said.

Figures from the Office for National Statistics, published on Friday, showed that demand for new public and private housing helped push up construction orders.

Any limit on house price rises would be resisted from those who remain in negative equity in some parts of the country. It would also be unpopular among first-time buyers if there was a restriction of mortgage lending.

Recent house price surveys show increases in prices, but this was compared with some drops a year ago.

The Halifax survey said that prices had risen by 5.4% in the year to August, while the Nationwide said house prices in August were rising at an annual rate of 3.5%.

The Nationwide compares prices in one month with the same month a year ago. However, the Halifax compares a three-month period with the three-month period in the previous year.

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